Algorithm: In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a finite sequence of well-defined, computer-implementable instructions, typically to solve a class of problems or to perform a computation.
ALMA: The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is an astronomical interferometer of 66 radio telescopes in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, which observe electromagnetic radiation.
Antofagasta: a bustling, modern city and popular resort town along the Pacific Ocean in Chile, it’s the heart of the Atacama Desert region of Chile.
Ånū: A fictional name for Delta Pavonis, this is the home star and system of the Alliance.
AO: adaptive optics is a technology used to improve the performance of optical systems by reducing the effect of incoming wavefront distortions by deforming a mirror in order to compensate for the distortion.
Arədvī Sūrā Anāhitā-Mithrå: also known as Hourmäzdâ is a member of the Guild of the Guardians and is the Protector of Knowledge and Understanding. This Guardian visited Asia Minor and the land of the Tigris and Euphrates. He was a follower of his predecessor, HĂM-ĪRH-RÅBÍ who was one of the chief architects of benevolent AI (Enki and Utu). This great philosopher was almost killed by the ancient Akkadians when one of their kings, Hammurabi, refused to free his slaves and perverted many of Hourmäzdâ’s teachings. Even the King’s name is the Akkadian version of the original Guardian’s name HĂM-ĪRH-RÅBÍ whose codices were bastardized and recorded as the famous Code of Hammurabi.
Atacama Desert: a large and hyper-arid desert located in southern Peru and Northern Chile. The story mostly takes place in this very dry area of the World. More and more optical telescopes are being built in this part of the World due to the area’s stable, dry and clear air. Some parts of the Atacama haven’t received any appreciable precipitation in decades.
AU: astronomical unit which is the measurement in miles, kilometers or meters of the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun which is 149,597,870,700 or 149,597,870.7 kilometers (92955807.2 miles).
Auqlinqü Transøt Ånū òt: An alliance formed by two ancient species from the planet Lí-ōt’, the Lįnqü Ånū òt’, and its giant habitable moon, Quìnt òt (also includes the Natōçh-òt ár and San-òt ár species).
BATSE: Burst and Transient Source Experiment which is one of many instruments on board NASA’s Compton Gamma Ray Observatory in orbit above the Earth.
Brown dwarf: A brown dwarf is a type of substellar object (failed star) that has a mass between the most massive gas giant planets and the least massive stars, approximately 13 to 80 times that of Jupiter.
CCD: A charge-coupled device is an integrated circuit containing an array of linked, or coupled, capacitors. Under the control of an external circuit, each capacitor can transfer its electric charge to a neighboring capacitor. CCD sensors are a major technology used in digital imaging.
CGRO: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory
Chile: Country in South America that is wedged between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, a considerable number of optical and radio telescopes have been or are currently being built or planned.
CME: coronal mass ejection
CODEC: A codec is a device or computer program which encodes or decodes a digital data stream or signal. Codec is a portmanteau of coder-decoder. In electronic communications, an endec is a device which acts as both an encoder and a decoder on a signal or data stream, and hence is a type of codec.
Council of the Five Worlds: a peaceful, interstellar conglomeration of five distinct cultures/ civilizations: The Great Alliance of Ånū, the Prenari Culture of Prenarus Three, third planet from the star Prena (Beta Hydri); the Shentar Potel of Visinci Four, fourth planet from the star Visin (Zeta Tucanae). The fifth member is the Shalazi Civilization of Shalazi Prime fourth planet from the Shalazi Star System (Gamma Pavonis). The Council and the Alliance are led by the Guild of the Guardians and the advanced, self-aware AI Enki and Utu.
CRISPR: is a family of DNA sequences found in the genomes of prokaryotic organisms such as bacteria and archaea. These sequences are derived from DNA fragments of bacteriophages that had previously infected the prokaryote. They are used to detect and destroy DNA from similar bacteriophages during subsequent infections.
CSIRO: The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization is an Australian Government agency responsible for scientific research. CSIRO works with leading organizations around the world.
CTIO: telescope atop Cerro Tololo in Chile
Dark Energy: a reference to the unknown energetic force that is causing our Universe to expand at an ever increasing rate.
Dark Matter: a reference to the unknown form of matter that, according to most physicists, makes up 96% of the matter in Our Universe. Only 4% of the Universes’ matter is visible while invisible dark matter only makes itself known through gravitational attraction.
Delta Pavonis: a star system located 19.8 light years away in the Pavo (The Peacock) Constellation, can only be seen from the Southern Hemisphere.
DOD: department of defense
Dyson sphere: A Dyson sphere is a hypothetical megastructure that completely encompasses a star and captures a large percentage of its power output. A Dyson swarm is a partial structure created and held in place by robot satellites surrounding a star to collect its light and convert it into energy.
Êch-ō-wööt: smallest, uninhabitable outer moon in the Lí-ōt’ planet system (fictional).
E-ELT or ELT: European Extremely Large Telescope
EMR: Electromagnetic Radiation
EMS: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Enkí: Immobile AI from the Ånū Star System (Delta Pavonis)
ESO: European Southern Observatory
ESP: extra-solar planets, any planetary body located outside of our Solar System.
ETEA: Earth’s Taskforce on Extraterrestrial Affairs
ETI: extraterrestrial intelligence
Fraunhofer lines: In physics and optics, the Fraunhofer lines are a set of spectral absorption lines named after the German physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787–1826). The lines were originally observed as dark features (absorption lines) in the optical spectrum of the Sun. This discovery is one of the most important discoveries in astronomy.
FTL: faster than light which is impossible in the traditional sense of achieving speed using classical physics and a method of propulsion. (It might be possible to cheat the universal speed limit by manipulating the fabric of spacetime itself.
FTP: file transfer protocol
Fuselage: The fuselage is an aircraft’s main body section. It holds crew, passengers, and cargo. In single-engine aircraft, it will usually contain an engine, as well, although in some amphibious aircraft the single engine is mounted on a pylon attached to the fuselage, which in turn is used as a floating hull.
G8, F6V, etc.: a standard star classification
Galactic Federation: Unethical group of planets located in our section of the Milky Way Galaxy, headed up by the ‘Greys’ and mysterious shadow beings from a parallel universe. They are controlled by an evil artificial intelligence bent on disruption and subjugation of the galaxy.
GHz: Gigahertz, see EMS for reference…
GLZ: reference to the ‘Goldilocks’ zone which is the habitable zone around a star where liquid water can be found in a liquid state under normal atmospheric pressure.
Great Alliance: see Auqlinqü Transøt Ånū òt
Greys, Grey Aliens: Grey aliens, also referred to as Zeta Reticulans, Roswell Greys, or Grays, are purported extraterrestrial beings. According to journalist C. D. B. Bryan, two percent of all reported alien encounters in the United States describe Grey aliens, a significantly higher proportion than other countries. 68 Such claims vary widely, but typically Greys are described as being human like with small bodies, smooth grey-colored skin, enlarged hairless heads, and large black eyes. The Barney and Betty Hill abduction claim, which purportedly took place in New Hampshire in 1961, popularized Grey aliens. There are precursor figures described in science fiction, and similar descriptions appeared in early accounts of the 1947 Roswell UFO incident.
Guild of the Guardians: An ancient group of highly advanced aliens who formed a small but highly effective philosophical sect of surviving members of a once glorious civilization on the planet of Pläct-ōt’-Nabū now gone after its star, Pläct-ōt’-ãh (now a white dwarf at the center pf the Helix Nebula) turned into a red giant and swallowed it.
Helix Nebula (NGC 7293): A planetary nebula located in the constellation Aquarius, used as the original home of the Guild of the Guardians.
Hexadecimal: Hex or base 16 or hexadecimal is a numerical system that uses 16 symbols. The symbols include 0-9 and a-f (sometimes A-F). An example of a hexadecimal number is 3BF2. Computer science applications can use hexadecimal for binary coding in computing and digital electronics. In this reference I am referring strictly to the expression of colors in the hex format, usually preceded by the ‘#’ symbol.
HIP: Hipparcos was a scientific satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA), launched in 1989 and operated until 1993. It was the first space experiment devoted to precision astrometry, the accurate measurement of the positions of celestial objects on the sky.
HZ: habitable zone, see GLZ…
Indrā Brähmān-Vïshná Mīthrāc: also known as Indrābra, Protector of Possibility and Probability is a member of the Guild of the Guardians.
Junk DNA: Non-coding DNA sequences are components of an organism’s DNA that do not encode protein sequences. Some non-coding DNA is transcribed into functional non-coding RNA molecules.
KBO: Kuiper Belt Objects are icy bodies of assorted sizes from small ice and ice-covered rocks and boulders to dwarf planets of which Pluto is a member as is its large moon Charon.
Khipū Quçūmãtz-ōtā’: Is the leader of the Ancient Guild of the Guardians from Pläct-ōt’-Nabū, Keeper of the Law, Protector of the Innocent and Defender of the Way who visited Anāhuac and the Land of Barú (the Americas).
Light speed: or speed of light which is 186,000 miles (c.299,338 kilometers) per second and is the universal speed limit because in order to achieve light speed you would need an infinite amount of energy which is impossible and to make matters worse going the speed of light would make you infinitely massive.
Light year: distance that light travels in one year or 186,000 x 60 x 60 x 24 x 365 = 5,865,696,000,000 miles (9439922663424 km)
Lįnqü Ånū òt’: is the fictional primary bird-like species of this story. They are from the planet Lí-ōt’ and are the ones responsible for sending the initial message, forming the Alliance and initiating contact with the Human species.
Lí-ōt’: is the fictional terrestrial home world of the Lįnqü Ånū òt’ race.
Mahavira (Founder of Jainism) and Gautama (Founder of Buddhism): of the Shakya Republic in what is now India, were contemporary philosophers from ancient Earth some 2500 years ago. They were visited by Indrābra of the Guild of the Guardians.
MPEG: The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is an alliance of working groups of ISO and IEC that sets standards for media coding, including compression coding of audio, video, graphics and genomic data, and transmission and file formats for various applications.
Murriyang: New name of the radio telescope in Parkes, NSW, Australia, see CSIRO for details…
Nabū òt’ Nem: (fictional) companion of Ånū which is a failed star known as a brown dwarf that revolves around Ånū (Delta Pavonis).
Natōçh-òt ár of Quìnt òt: a technological species living in the vast oceans of the giant moon Quìnt òt, coexisting with the more technologically advanced Aûqū øt and minor members of the Great Alliance of Ånū.
NEOs or NEAs: Near Earth Objects or Near Earth Asteroids are any rocky bodies called asteroids in the inner Solar System that are relatively close to Earth and often cross its orbital path around the sun.
NORAD: North American Aerospace Defense Command – The NORAD and USNORTHCOM Command Center at Peterson AFB serves as a central collection and coordination facility for a worldwide system of sensors designed to provide security.
Nucleosynthesis: Stellar nucleosynthesis is the creation of chemical elements by nuclear fusion reactions within stars. Stellar nucleosynthesis has occurred since the original creation of hydrogen, helium and lithium during the Big Bang. As a predictive theory, it yields accurate estimates of the observed abundances of the elements.
OS: operating system referring to a computer’s operational environment like Windows.
Parke: see CSIRO for more details…
Parabolic mirror: A parabolic (or paraboloid or paraboloidal) reflector (or dish or mirror) is a reflective surface used to collect or project energy such as light, sound, or radio waves. Its shape is part of a circular paraboloid which is the surface generated by a parabola revolving around its axis.
Pläct-ōt’-ãh: See Pläct-ōt’-Nabū
Pläct-ōt’-Nabū: Planet that the Guild of the Guardians came from that was destroyed when their star (Pläct-ōt’-ãh) spent its hydrogen fuel and swelled into its red giant phase (now a white dwarf of 1.3 solar masses at the center of the Helix Nebula), swallowing up this Type-A habitable world along with three other planets which occurred 165,000 years ago.
(3-D) polymer matrix: is an advanced translucent material that can record copious amounts of data.
Protein-based or bio-computing: Bio-computers use biologically derived materials to perform computational functions. A bio-computer comprises a pathway or series of metabolic pathways involving biological materials that are engineered to behave in a certain manner based upon the conditions (input) of the system. The resulting pathway of reactions that takes place makes up an output, which is based on the engineering design of the bio-computer and can be interpreted as a form of computational analysis. Three distinguishable types of bio-computers include biochemical computers, biomechanical computers, and bioelectronic computers.
Quìnt’ òt’: largest inner, habitable moon of Lí-ōt’ in the Ånū Star System, which is the home world of the Aûqū øt, an aquatic species and part of the Great Alliance.
Red dwarf: A red dwarf is the smallest and coolest kind of star on the main sequence. Red dwarfs are by far the most common type of star in the Milky Way, at least in the neighborhood of the Sun, but because of their low luminosity, individual red dwarfs cannot be easily observed.
RGB: red, green, blue color space which are the additive color components of white light as opposed to the subtractive color components for print which are cyan, magenta and yellow plus black (CMYK).
RNA: Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation and expression of genes. RNA and DNA are nucleic acids. Along with lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, nucleic acids make up one of the four major macromolecules essential for all known forms of life.
Sant-òt’: fictional terraformed planet on the outer edge of the HZ of the Ånū Star System, home of the San-òt ár that was going to be the new home world of the Alliance, however, the increasingly violent and destructive CMEs erupting from the surface of Ånū have made it impossible to pursue relocation even to a planet further away from the star.
San-òt ár: See San-òt for more information.
Säshet-Hēkä-Horüs: also known as Hēkä who visited the valley of the Great Northern River of A-frikē (now known as the Nile) and is one of the members of the Guild of the Guardians who is the Protector of The Word.
SETI: Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. The search for extraterrestrial intelligence is a collective term for scientific searches for intelligent extraterrestrial life, for example, monitoring electromagnetic radiation for signs of transmissions from civilizations on other planets.
SETO: signal of extraterrestrial origin
Shröök-ah òt’: Type-H* hot gas giant, first planet from the star Ånū (Delta Pavonis). Even though it is extremely close to the star, it is not tidally locked, but its rotation has been slowing down dramatically. It has several moons that are being ripped apart and turned into a delicate but unstable ring system. It is suspected that this planet was formed much further out in the system but migrated in at least a billion years ago.
Sīn-char-òt ár Fādøn-taulk: the mysterious southern continent of Lí-ōt’ home to the warlike Win-òt ár species.
Sol: The official, scientific name for our sun which is a stable yellow dwarf star with an average life span of ten billion years, once it has used up most of its hydrogen having converted it to helium via the nuclear fusion process, it will expand into a red giant, swallowing most if not all the inner planets of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.
Spectrum: see EMS for more details…
Subluminal: refers to any relativistic speed below the o threshold of 186,000 miles a second.
Tardigrade: also known as a water bear is a semi-microscopic creature (that lives in many different wet environments on Earth. The creature is known for its amazing ability to live in extreme environments, dry out completely and come back to life, survive high doses of radiation and even the vacuum of space. There are many diverse species, the largest being one from Eurasian waters that is up to 1.5 mm.
UNIX: is a family of multitasking, multi-user computer operating systems that are derived from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
Utu: mobile AI (photonic entity) from the Ånū Star System (Delta Pavonis)
VLT: Very Large Telescope in Chile, situated atop Cerro Paranal.
Win-òt ár: a primitive, sentient, distantly related but warlike, flesh-eating species from the southern continent of Sīn-char-òt ár Fādøn-taulk. This species has the basic technology to create shelters and fashion tools.
Zeta Reticuli: Star System located 39.17 Light years away from Earth that is the home of the banished alien race notoriously known as the ‘Greys’ who live on Zeta 1 Reticuli.